Some of the cities, towns, and places in Barbour County are Adaland, Adma, Arden, Audra, Bear Mountain, Belington, Berryburg, Berryburg Junction, Boulder, Brownton, Calhoun, Carrollton, Century, Century Junction, Claude, Clemtown, Corley, Cove Run, Dartmoor, Dent, Elk City, Finegan Ford, Gage, Galloway, Hall, Hopewell, Independence, Jones, Junior, Kalamazoo, Kasson, Kirt, Lantz, Longview, Mansfield, Meadowville, Meriden, Middle Fork, Moatsville, Mount Liberty, Murphy, Nestorville, Overfield, Peeltree, Pepper, Philippi, Pleasure Valley, Stringtown, Tacy, Talbott, Tygart Junction, Union, Valley Bend, Valley Furnace, Vannoys Mill, Volga, Wellington Heights, Werner, West Junior
Barbour County is a county in north-central West Virginia, US. At the 2010 census, the population was 16,589. The county seat is Philippi, which was chartered in 1844. Both county and city were named for Philip P. Barbour (1783–1841), a U.S. Congressman from Virginia and Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. The county was formed in 1843 when the region was still part of the state of Virginia. In 1871, a small part of Barbour County was transferred to Tucker County, West Virginia.
The Battle of Philippi, also known as the "Philippi Races", was fought in Barbour County on June 3, 1861. Although a minor action, it is generally considered the first land engagement of the American Civil War.
Alderson Broaddus University, an American Baptist institution, is in the county. The University's Physician Assistant (PA) program is one of the world's oldest and best established.